Urban Waste Water

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)

The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is responsible for various policy areas in the Federal Republic of Germany, essential ones of which are reflected in the naming of the ministry. Until 1986, three different ministries within the Federal Government were responsible for environmental concerns: the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health. Then, in the middle of the same year, a single government authority for the federal environmental policy was created for the first time, the then Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). In the course of the following decades, additional responsibilities were temporarily transferred to the authority, such as  including urban development, housing, rural infrastructure, public building law, construction as well as federal buildings, which also led to name changes thoughout the years (e.g. BMUB between 2013 and 2018). Meanwhile, the ministry has returned to its original name and the abbreviated designation BMU. For more than 30 years now its main task has remained unchanged however: to ensure the protection of the population from environmental toxins and radiation, the wise and economical use of raw materials, the protection of the climate and the use of natural resources in a way that preserves the diversity of animal and plant species and their habitats. A key responsibility is to prepare legislation in order to design the legal framework in the areas of responsibility. This also includes shaping regulatory law and transposing EU directives into national law. Furthermore, this includes the financial promotion of research and development, support for the market introduction of innovative technologies, cooperation at national and international level, and communication for broad social participation and acceptance in the protection and careful use of the environment and resources.